Ella Fitzgerald

Biyografisi

Ella Jane Fitzgerald (25 Nisan 1917 - 15 Haziran 1996) yirminci yüzyılın en önemli ABD'li caz vokalistlerinden biridir.

Entonasyonunun ve yorumunun kusursuzluğu, doğaçlamalarda bir trompet gibi kullanabildiği üç oktav aralığını aşan sesiyle anılır. Elli yedi seneyi aşan kariyerinde 13 Grammy Ödülü ile ABD başkanları Ronald Reagan (Ulusal Sanat Madalyası) ve George H. W. Bush (Özgürlük Madalyası) tarafından verilmiş iki ayrı ödüle sahip oldu.

Trompetçi ve caz vokalisti Louis Armstrong, gitarist Joe Pass ve orkestra şefleri Count Basie ve Duke Ellington ile yaptığı çalışmalarla da tanınır.ABD'nin Virjinya eyaletinde doğdu. Kısa süre sonra boşanan annesiyle New York'a taşındı. Geçirdiği tatsız olaylar yüzünden öğrencilik yıllarını güçlükle geçirmiş, ardından bir süre evsiz olarak yaşamıştır.

İlk kez 17 yaşında Apollo Tiyatrosu'nda sahneye çıktı. Chick Webb'le tanıştı ve haftalık 12.50 dolar karşılığında grupla beraber turneye çıktı. "Love and Kisses" ilk kaydı yapılan, "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" ise tanınmasını sağlayan parçalardır. Webb'in ölümünden sonra orkestranın ismi değişti ve liderliği Fitzgerald devraldı.

1941'de solo kariyerine başladı ve Norman Granz'la çalıştığı caz konserlerine devam etti. Swing döneminin sona ermesi ve turnelere çıkan büyük orkestraların kapanışıyla birlikte Fiztgerald, ortaya çıkan Be-Bop akımından etkilenerek vokal tarzını değiştirdi. Dizzy Gillespie Orkestrası ile çalışmaları da onu yönlendirmiştir. Aynı dönemde Scat (kelimelerin olmadığı, anlamsız hecelerle emprovizasyon) tekniğini geliştirmiş ve ününü artırmıştır. Piyanist Ellis Larkins ile birlikte Gershwin bestelerini seslendirdi.

Çeşitli bestecilerin eserlerini seslendirdiği 8 şarkı kitabının ( Great American Songbook ) kayıtları devam ederken uluslararası turnelere de çıktı. Ölümünden sonra The New York Times köşe yazarı Frank Rich, bu eserleri seslendirerek beyaz ve Afrika kökenli Amerikalılar arasındaki kültürel bağların güçlenmesinde önemli rolü olan Fitzgerald'ın bunda en az Elvis Presley kadar başarılı olduğunu söylemiştir. Afrika kökenli bir sanatçının, göçmen yahudiler tarafından bestelenmiş yoksul kesimi anlatan şarkılarını hıristiyan beyazlara sevdirebilmiş olması, bu başarısını doğrular.

Fitzgerald uzun kariyeri boyunca ünlü birçok müzisyenle yan yana çalıştı. Trompetçi Roy Eldridge ve Dizzy Gillespie, gitarist Herb Ells, piyanist Tommy Flanagan, Oscar Peterson, Lou Levy, Paul Smith, Jimmy Rowles ve Ellis Larkins bunlardan bazılarıdır. Bu birliktelikler küçük gruplardan oluşuyordu ve performanslar genellikle canlıydı.

Decca, MGM, Atlantic, Capitol beraber çalıştığı şirketlerden bazılarıdır. Fitzgerald son kaydını 1989'da yapmış, 1991 yılında da son konserini vermiştir.

Diğer Şarkıları

(It's Only a) Paper Moon, Vol. 10-2011
100 Gold Songs (100 Original Songs Remastered)-2012
100 Greatest: Ella Fitzgerald (Remastered)-2012
100 Hits Legends: Ella Fitzgerald-2009
100 Songs For A Centennial-2017
100+ American Songbook Classics-2011
14 Hits-2012
1947-1948-2006
1949-2001
1950-2001
1951-2001
1953-54-2001
2 Hours With: Ella Fitzgerald-2011
20 Famous Fitzgerald's Masterpieces (Remastered Version)-2012
20th Century Masters - The Millennium Collection: Best of Ella Fitzgerald-2003
30 By Ella-Ağustos 2009
30 Succès inoubliables : Ella Fitzgerald-2012
4 Beautiful Jazz Divas (40 Tracks Remastered)-2011
75th Birthday Celebration-1993
A Fabulous Collection from the First Lady of Song-2004
A Fine Romance, Vol. 2-2012
A Kiss Goodnight-2012
A Place for Lovers / Lonely Is-1969
A Tisket A Tasket-2009
A to Z the Anthology Vol. 3-2011
All That Jazz: Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong-2012
Almost Forever (Extended)-2012
American Songbird-2013
An Ella Fitzgerald Christmas-2012
Anthologie 1 (Moon Ray) [Live]-2013
Anthologie 3 (That's Rich) [Live]-2013
Anthology Disc 3-1993
At Newport-Ağustos 2007
At The Montreux Jazz Festival 1975-Şubat 2011
At The Montreux Jazz Festival 1975 (Remastered)-1975
Baby, It's Cold Outside-2008
Basin Street Blues-1996
Best Of Ella And Louis (Remastered)-2011
Best of Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady of Song-1994
Best Of/20th/Eco-Aralık 2007
Black Coffee-2013
Bluella: Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Blues-2006
Body and Soul-2011
Born to Lose / I Taught Him Everything He Knows-1967
Brighten the Corner-1967
By Popular Demand: Ella Fitzgerald-2015
Cheek to Cheek: The Very Best of Ella Fitzgerald-2014
Christmas-2015
Christmas Album-1978
Christmas Classics (Remastered)-2012
Christmas Songs: Canzoni di Natale (Remastered 2011)-2011
Christmas With Ella Fitzgerald (Original Christmas Album) [Remastered]-2012
Compact Jazz: Ella Fitzgerald-1987
Complete 1940 NBC Broadcasts-2006
Complete Jazz Series 1939-2008
Complete Jazz Series 1939-1940-2008
Complete Jazz Series 1940 - 1941-2008
Complete Jazz Series 1945-1947-2008
Complete Jazz Series 1951-2008
Complete Jazz Series 1956 Vol. 5-2011
Complete Jazz Series: 1950-2008
Complete Jazz Series: 1952 - Ella Fitzgerald-2008
Complete Jazz Series: 1956-1957-2012
Complete Jazz Series: 1957-2012
Complete Jazz Series: 1957, Vol. 3-2012
Dedicated to You-2013
Desafinado / Stardust Bossa Nova (Mono Version)-1962
Desafinado and More (Remastered)-2013
Diva-2003
Dream a Little Dream-2012
Dream a Little Dream of Me-2012
Dream Dancing: Ella Fitzgerald & Cole Porter-1978
Early Ella Fitzgerald-2000
Early Years of Ballroom Jazz - Chick Webb (Digitally Remastered)-2011
Ella-Nisan 2008
Ella & Duke At The Cote d'Azur-Ekim 2014
Ella & Friends-Ekim 2010
Ella & Friends-1996
Ella & Louis-2013
Ella / Things Ain't What They Used to Be (and You Better Believe It)-1989
Ella 100 (100 Original Songs) [Remastered]-2012
Ella à Hollywood (Live, Mono Version)-1962
Ella à Nice-2006
Ella A Nice (Remastered)-1982
Ella Abraca Jobim - The Antonio Carlos Jobim Songbook-Haziran 2007
Ella abraça Jobim: Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Antonio Carlos Jobim Song Book-2003
Ella And Basie-Mayıs 2007
Ella and Her Fellas (Original Album)-2011
Ella and Her Friends-1996
Ella and Louis (Mono Version)-1961
Ella and Louis Again-2010
Ella and Oscar [Original Jazz Classics Remasters]-Mart 2011
Ella and the Big Bands-2011
Ella At Dukes Place-Mayıs 2007
Ella at Juan-Les-Pins-Ekim 2010
Ella At Zardi's (Live At Zardi's/1956)-2017
Ella at Zardi's (Live, 1956)-2017
Ella Fitzgerald-2001
Ella Fitzgerald - 1952-2001
Ella Fitzgerald - A 75th Birthday Salute-1993
Ella Fitzgerald - Complete Jazz Series 1954-1955-2008
Ella Fitzgerald - Essential Live Performances-2009
Ella Fitzgerald - First Lady Of Song-1993
Ella Fitzgerald - Gold-Ekim 2010
Ella Fitzgerald - Live in Los Angeles California-2012
Ella Fitzgerald - The Best Of The BBC Vaults-2010
Ella Fitzgerald 1936-1950 - CD B-2006
Ella Fitzgerald : La diva du jazz vocal-1996
Ella Fitzgerald at Her Best-2013
Ella Fitzgerald At the Montreux Jazz Festival 1975-1975
Ella Fitzgerald At the Opera House-2008
Ella Fitzgerald Boxset-2003
Ella Fitzgerald chante les succès de Duke Ellington (Mono Version)-1960
Ella Fitzgerald Greatest Hits-2007
Ella Fitzgerald Jazz Collection Vol.11 (Remastered)-2013
Ella Fitzgerald Jazz Collection, Vol. 14 (Remastered)-2013
Ella Fitzgerald Presents George Gershwin, Vol. 3-2012
Ella Fitzgerald Quintessence 1956-1962: New York - Los Angeles - Berlin-2014
Ella Fitzgerald Sings Christmas-1997
Ella Fitzgerald Sings Cole Porter-2008
Ella Fitzgerald Sings Irving Berlin and Cole Porter (The Hits Book)-2011
Ella Fitzgerald Sings The Cole Porter Songbook-Temmuz 2012
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Songbook, Volume 1-1961
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Songbook, Volume 2-1984
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the George & Ira Gershwin Song Book-1998
Ella Fitzgerald Sings The George And Ira Gershwin Song Book-Eylül 2014
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the George and Ira Gershwin Songbook-1989
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Harold Arlen Song Book-2001
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Harold Arlen Song Book, Volume 2-1988
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Harold Arlen Songbook, Vol. 1 & 2-1966
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Johnny Mercer Song Book-1965
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Johnny Mercer Songbook-1997
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers & Hart Songbook-2012
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers & Hart Songbook - Vol. 1 & 2-2012
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers and Hart Songbook-1997
Ella Fitzgerald Wishes You a Swinging Christmas (Bonus Track Version)-2012
Ella Fitzgerald With Oscar Peterson-2012
Ella Fitzgerald's Christmas-2007
Ella Fitzgerald's Christmas-Eylül 2007
Ella Fitzgerald: Best of the Songbooks - The Collection-1996
Ella Fitzgerald: Ella & Friends-1995
Ella Fitzgerald: Jazz Explosion, Vol.1-2013
Ella Fitzgerald: Ken Burns's Jazz-Ekim 2014
Ella Fitzgerald: The Rodgers and Hart Songbook, Volume 1-1985
Ella Fitzgerald: The Rodgers and Hart Songbook, Volume 2-1985
Ella Fitzgerald: The Voice Of Jazz-Kasım 2013
Ella Fitzgerald: Volume 2-2012
Ella For Lovers-Ekim 2014
Ella Gold-2003
Ella In Hamburg-1965
Ella In Hamburg (G/A/S Version)-Haziran 2007
Ella In Hollywood (Live At The Crescendo)-Nisan 2009
Ella In Japan-Nisan 2011
Ella In London-1974
Ella In Rome - The Birthday Concert-1988
Ella Loves Cole-1972
Ella Returns To Berlin-Eylül 2014
Ella Sings Broadway-2001
Ella Sings the George & Ira Gershwin Songbook (Remastered)-2013
Ella Sings the Harold Arlen Songbook (Remastered)-2012
Ella Swings Brightly With Nelson-1993
Ella Swings Gently With Nelson-1993
Ella Wishes You a Swingin' Christmas-2013
Ella Wishes You A Swinging Christmas-Aralık 2010
Ella, Vol. 3-2009
Ella: The Legendary Decca Recordings-Ekim 2014
Essential (Pure Ella) [Live]-2013
Essential Ella-Ekim 2014
Essential Ella Fitzgerald-2013
Essential Ella, Vol. 1 (41 Classic Tracks)-2012
Everyone’s Wrong But Me-2006
First Lady of Songs - The Best of Ella Fitzgerald-2007
Fitzgerald, Ella: Oh! Lady Be Good (1945-1952)-2003
Flying Home-2006
For the Love of Ella-2009
For the Love of Ella Fitzgerald-1990
Forever Ella-1996
Forever Young-2010
Georgia On My Mind-2012
Gold-Ekim 2007
Gold Songs (Remastered)-2012
Great Diva - Great Songs: Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 10-2006
Great Diva - Great Songs: Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 2-2006
Great Diva - Great Songs: Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 6-2006
Great Diva - Great Songs: Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 8-2006
Greatest Hits-2012
Green Series: The Best of Ella Fitzgerald-2008
Hallelujah!-1994
Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas-2012
Hawaiian War Chant / It's Only Love-1968
He's My Guy-2011
Hello, Dolly!-2005
History, Vol. 2 (Ultimate Legends Presents Ella Fitzgerald)-2012
How High the Moon (Mono Version)-1961
I Want to Be Happy-2012
I'll Chase the Blues Away: The Ella Fitzgerald Collection, Vol. 4-2013
I've Got You Under My Skin, Vol. 25-2011
In Budapest-2006
Invite You to Listen and Relax-2005
Isn't It Romantic (Original Theme From ''Sabrina'')-2012
It's Up to Me and You / Brighten the Corner-1968
J.A.T.P. In Tokyo, Live At the Nichigeki Theatre 1953-1977
Jazz 'round Midnight Again: Ella Fitzgerald-1995
Jazz 'Round Midnight: Ella Fitzgerald-1991
Jazz At the Philharmonic: The Ella Fitzgerald Set-2016
Jazz At the Philharmonic: The Ella Fitzgerald Set [Live]-1983
Jazz Sellers: Goody Goody-2012
Jukebox Ella: The Complete Verve Singles Vol. 1-Nisan 2011
Ken Burns Jazz: The Definitive Ella Fitzgerald-2000
Kerstmuziek-2015
Lady Be Good-2000
Lady Time-1995
Lady Time (Remastered)-Kasım 2014
Legends (Deluxe Edition)-2011
Legends: Ella Fitzgerald-2009
Let No Man Write My Epitaph-2016
Let's Do It-Ağustos 2008
Like Someone in Love-2012
Live '61-2012
Live and More (40 Songs - Digital Remastered)-2011
Live at Chautauqua, Vol. 2 (Live)-2017
Live at Mister Kelly's-2007
Live At Mister Kelly's-Eylül 2007
Live at the Concertgebouw 1961-2017
Live in Berlin-2012
Live in Paris, Vol. 2-2012
Live in Paris, Vol. 3 - Ella Fitzgerald-2013
Los Mejor de Ella Fitzgerald. 14 Grandes Éxitos-2013
Love and Kisses, Vol. 4-2002
Love for Sale-2007
Love Letters from Ella-2007
Love Letters From Ella - The Never-Before-Heard Recordings-Temmuz 2007
Love Me or Leave Me-2013
Love, Ella-Haziran 2007
Love, Ella: The Original Versions-2007
Lullabies Of Birdland-Haziran 2007
Mack the Knife (Live Concerts In Germany & Italy)-2012
Mack the Knife - The Complete Ella in Berlin (Live At Deutschlandhallen, West Berlin, 1960)-1993
Mack the Knife / Good Morning Blues (Mono Version)-1961
Mack the Knife: The Complete Ella In Berlin (Live)-1993
Meets Duke Ellington 1968 & Benny Goodman 1958 (Bonus Track Version)-2008
Miss Ella's Playhouse (International Version)-Haziran 2009
Misty Blue-Ağustos 2009
Moonlight in Vermont-2013
More Than a Dream (Christmas Version)-2012
Mr Paganini-2002
My Man (Great Vocalists of Jazz & Entertainment (Remastered)-1999
My One and Only, Vol. 5-2002
Newport Jazz Festival, Live At Carnegie Hall, July 5, 1973-1995
Oh, Lady Be Good!-2002
Oh, Lady, Be Good! Best of the Gershwin Songbook-1996
Old Friends - Ella And Louis-2011
Old Gold - Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 01-2012
Old Gold - Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 02-2012
Old Gold - Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 04-2012
Old Gold - Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 05-2012
Old Gold - Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 06-2012
Old Gold - Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 08-2012
Old Gold - Ella Fitzgerald, Vol. 09-2012
On the Air, Volume 3: 1944-1947-1994
On the Air: The Complete 1940 Broadcasts-1998
Out of Nowhere-2012
Porgy & Bess - Sung By Ella Fitzgerald-2012
Porgy And Bess-Mart 2008
Priceless Jazz, Vol 2: Ella Fitgerald-2009
Pure Ella-Ekim 2010
Puttin' On the Ritz (Remastered)-2013
Quiet Now - Ella's Mood-1999
Retrospective 1936-1956-Haziran 2008
Rhythm Is My Business-1999
Rock It For Me-1994
Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer-2012
She Wasn't Satisfied (Bluest Collection)-2012
Singin' Her Best Songs-2007
Singing And Swinging Together (Jazz Club)-Temmuz 2011
Sings Christmas-1998
Sings Cole Porter & Rodgers and Hart, Vol. 1 (Remastered)-2013
Sings Cole Porter & Rodgers and Hart, Vol. 2 (Remastered)-2013
Sings Duke Ellington, Vol. 28-2011
Sings Sweet Songs for Swingers-Ekim 2014
Sings Sweet Songs for Swingers 1959 (Original Remastered 2011)-2011
Sings the Duke Ellington Songbook-1999
Sings the Irving Berlin & Duke Ellington Song Books Vol. 2-2012
Sings the Irving Berlin Song Book-2000
Something to Live For-1999
Songbirds of the 40's & 50's - Ella Fitzgerald ( 100 Classic Tracks)-2012
Songpack: Ella Fitzgerald-2009
Songs From Pete Kelly's Blues-Haziran 2010
Standards (Great Songs/Great Performances)-Mayıs 2010
Stompin' At the Savoy-2008
Strictly from Dixie-2006
Sugar Blues, Vol. 2-2012
Summertime Hit Pack-Aralık 2007
Sunshine Of Your Love-Mart 2010
Sweet And Hot-Haziran 2007
Swing It!-1997
Swingin' Ella-1999
Swingin' With Ella-1999
Swingsation: Ella Fitzgerald With Chick Webb-Ekim 2014
Take the a Train (Digitally Remastered)-2013
The American Song Book Standards-2013
The Best 25 Songs - Louis Armstrong & Ella Fitzgerald-2011
The Best Is Yet to Come-1982
The Best of Ella-2013
The Best of Ella Fitzgerald - The First Lady of Song-1994
The Best of Me, Vol. 2-2012
The Best of the Song Books: The Ballads-1994
The Best Swing-2011
The Birthday Concert in Rome-2012
The Christmas Song-2012
The Collection (The Capitol Recordings)-Haziran 2007
The Colours of Jazz-2012